Activated Carbon

Activated carbon is a form of carbon that can be produced from any carbonaceous material such as coal, rice husk, paddy husk, coconut shell, wood, etc. Due to their low ash content, high carbon content, and natural pore structure, coconut shells are ideal for producing high-quality activated carbon. Activated carbon manufactured from coconut shells, i.e., coconut shell activated carbon, is considered superior to those obtained from other sources mainly because of its small macro-pore structure, which makes it more effective for the adsorption of gas/vapor and for the removal of color and odor of compounds. It is also used as pre-filters in water purification because the large internal surface area makes it a very good adsorbent for many contaminants in drinking water. The activated carbon is also used:

  • In food and non-food industries.
  • In processing of cooking oil, sugar, and chemical matter purification.
  • In drinking water and wastewater treatment.
  • In refining and bleaching of vegetable oils.
  • For the recovery of solvents and other vapors, as well as gold.
  • In gas masks for protection against toxic gases, etc.



Steam activation is the most widely used process because it is generally used to activate both coconut shell and coal-based carbons. Steam-activated carbons are produced in a two-stage process. Firstly, the raw material, in the form of lumps, is pre-sized and carbonized by heating it in an inert atmosphere, such as flue gas, so that dehydration and devolatilization of the carbon occur. Carbonization reduces the volatile content of the source material to less than 20%. A coke is produced, which has pores that are either small or too restricted to be used as an adsorbent. The second stage is the activation stage, which enlarges the pore structure, increases the internal surface area, and makes it more accessible. The carbonized product is activated with steam at a temperature between 900°C and 1100°C. The chemical reaction between the carbon and steam takes place at the internal surface of the carbon, removing carbon from the pore walls and thereby enlarging the pores. The steam activation process allows the pore size to be readily altered, and carbons can be produced to suit specific end uses. Steam activation produces activated carbon in the form of 1mm to 3mm pieces, which are crushed and screened to remove fines and dust to meet the specifications for granular activated carbons. To produce powdered activated carbons, the carbon pieces are further ground using a gentle pulverizing action.


The activation process generates a network of minute openings of different diameters on the carbon surface, which become the path for water to access the extended internal surface created by activation. Carbon has a natural affinity for organic pollutants, which bind to its surface. Once activated, the carbon forms little pores and pockets that increase its surface area. An imbalance of forces then exists on the activated carbon atoms at the pore wall surface. To neutralize this imbalance, molecules are physically adsorbed, i.e., drawn and held physically to the pore wall (Van der Waals forces). In other words, compounds like pesticides, chloroform, and contaminants slide into the holes of this honeycomb-like substance and hold fast through a process called adsorption. The porosity of activated carbons offers a vast surface on which this adsorption can take place. Adsorption occurs in pores slightly larger than the molecules being adsorbed, which is why it is very important to match the molecule you are trying to adsorb with the pore size of the activated carbon.


Our activated carbon products are sourced from organic products such as coconut shell, coal, wood and so forth.

1) Coconut Shell Activated Carbon

Coconut shell activated carbon, made from coconut husk, is a vapor-activated material. As this carbon contains no chemical agent, when utilized on a medium, it won’t contaminate or respond with it. It’s anything but an absolutely normal and harmless to the ecosystem item, that has a little carbon impression and can efficiently absorb impurities with micro-pore molecular structure, for example, those present in drinking water. Coconut shell activated carbon, owing to its high abrasion resistance and unique physical and chemical characteristics, can safely support applications such as the recovery of gold and other precious metals.

2) Coal Activated Carbon

Coal based activated carbon originates from coal that has undergone a steam activation process.

3) Water Washed Activated Carbon

Kalbon Aquapura is a water washed high purity high activity granular activated carbon manufactured by steam activation from carefully selected coconut shells.

4) Acid Washed Activated Carbon

Kalbon Crystal is an acid washed high purity high activity granular activated carbon manufactured by steam activation from carefully selected coconut shells.

5) Wood Activated Carbon

Wood Activated Carbon is an acid washed high purity high activity granular activated carbon manufactured by steam activation from carefully selected coconut shells.